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Just imagine a basement area which gets flooded during rains or any of the reasons.
How Messy It Sounds?
So, sump pumps are pumps that can help you solve this crucial problem. The sump pumps help in removing the excess water from your home basement area. Because, if the water is not removed it might lead to dampening, damaging or even unhygienic conditions. The sump pumps are designed specifically for relieving you from a water accumulated basement. By using this protective pump, you can just get rid of any huge repair costs. This article focusses on the different types of sump pumps which are best suited for your needs.
Which Sump Pump Suits My Needs?
As mentioned above also there are many types of sump pumps available in the market, but the right one has to be chosen. A few things matter before buying a pump that needs to be studied properly. The type of sump pump you go for depends on your basement size that determines the area to be cleaned. For a home of average size, a 1/3 HP sump pump will suffice. This 1/3 HP sump pump can manage vertical lifts (7’-10’), with a horizontal pipe sizing between 3 ft to 25 ft and this is possible if they have one 90-degree elbow.
The submersible sump pumps have to be immersed in water properly, and are installed in a sump pump pit for proper operation. The water helps in keeping the sump pump cool, and prevents burnouts or any related risks. The sump pit should be kept covered in order to keep the noise reduced.
The pump & motor are placed in a single unit. These are kept safely and submerged and closed in the basin. They work quietly and efficiently, also help in saving a lot of space. They are manufactured with great features & prevent
clogging and are better as compared to the pedestals in this concern. They are the best options where lot of water flooding takes place. One thing to be kept in mind is that, these pumps are kept submerged in water, so they last a little less than other sump pumps.
The Wayne submersible cast iron sump pump is one of the most preferred pump, as this one is a powerful pump with a flow rate that can move up-to 4600 gallons per hour (gph). It filters debris and minimises clogging. A sturdy pump, that is made of stainless steel and a submersible pump of cast iron.
This one is assembled in America and has foreign and domestic parts. This is designed for11-inch diameter, with large sump pits and is suited best for indoor needs only. The Wayne is a ¾ hp pump and is designed for 11-inch diameter or a pump basin of larger size. It features a vertical float switch, with a float guard that protects from hang ups. This one is also equipped with a polycarbonate impeller.
This has a great discharge lift and corrosion resistant. Stainless steel fasteners, and uniquely designed suction pump helps is filtering waste, dust, dirt or debris. This one comes with an easy application, handling a 5-year warranty.
Unlike submersible sump pumps the pedestal pumps have not to be kept submerged in water. These are installed and mounted above, the water line and the float switch are down in the pit. A pump and a motor are the parts of a pedestal sump pump. The pedestal pump’s motor is placed above the basin, and a hose is attached to it that runs to the basin.
As the motor of this pump is not submerged in water, the life of this one is more than the other alternative sump pumps. The water is sent to a designated drain area through a hose which is attached to the pump.
A motor of a higher life span, is durable and doesn’t have more maintenance issues. This one occupies more space as compared to the submersible pump. While working it makes a louder noise as the motor is in open. These come with a good capacity and a lifetime cost.
The Superior Pedestal sump pump is built with quality, and has a long life span. This one is built to stay long and is equipped with components of high quality, solid copper motor windings, spilt capacitors (electronically controlled), drive shafts (heavy duty) and power cords of 10 ft.
The Superior pump 92333 is a pedestal sump pump of thermoplastic. It helps in moving the water to 3000 gallons per hour. A steel drive shaft that is rust resistant and also features a metal switch arm for durability and strength. This sump pump is 1/3 HP & facilitates water lifting up to 20’, also has a 1 ¼ inch NPT discharge which leads to high capacity pumping.
All the components of this pump are quality tested (100%), is CSA certified and is backed up with a warranty of 1 year. This one is manufactured with innovative technology, and is robust one to go for.
The battery operated back up pumps can also provide you with adequate security, that might occur due to flood damage. The backup feature helps in facilitating operation of the pump even if the power is out, due to a storm or any other reasons. When the power goes this leads to the main source of the pump to go the same way. The battery-operated backup sump pump is equipped with a float switch which automatically triggers, along with the water rise in the basin which brings the battery in action to operate when you require so.
The battery back up sump pumps are available in three models mainly, good, better and best. The best battery-operated sump pumps come with a battery size that is large enough and a charger which prolongs the battery life. If the water problem is severe, and the power cuts are often, in that case a larger battery back up pump should be used.
The Wayne WSS30VN is and upgraded battery backup pump, and is a cast iron construction. The pump comes with epoxy coated steel and has no plastic! This one is pre-assembled in America with domestic and foreign components. This one comes with a ½ hp primary pump, and can move up to 1500 GHP (0 feet of head). This one is true to its performance. This one is manufactured to last long and provides a complete protection to your basement, even when the power is out.
This one gives hours of pumping, without making much noise. The dimensions of the battery box are 9” H x 13” W x 7” L.
This Wayne battery back system features a pump float switch, and is time tested and works efficiently much more than its other competitive partners. It is advised to check the valve, as it not a part of packaging. A durable one, which is powerful too.
The water powered back up system helps in clearing the unwanted water with the help of increased water pressure. This sump pump doesn’t require any monitoring, as works on water supply instead of electricity. With the help of increased water pressure, the water in the basin is cleared. There is no requirement of replacement of any sort of batteries as works exclusively on water supply. The water of the town supply is being used for its operation. Pumping capacity of a water powered sump pump is also determined by the pressure of your home water. They are installed above the pump pit.
The water bills might come a bit raised as more water is required for this. The city you reside in may or may not allow to install this water powered sump pump. These pumps have a long life and doesn’t raise any electricity bills.
This water powered basepump is powerful, reliable and a durable one. This sump pump comes with a high-water alarm and is mounted on the ceiling that is above the sump, and it keeps it clean and dry. Pumps water from sump with the help of domestic water supply. This one is a hydraulic float and is a system which lasts for long.
This one is best suited with Radon covers, can be relied upon while using in your home. This one comes with no worries, as wearing out of any sort doesn’t happen as has no battery and no charger is required for any sort of plug in.
This one is equipped with a high-water alarm which is battery powered. You can test by filling up a bucket of 5 gallons of water, without the hose to ensure the water flow. While testing there should be no water softeners, filter or frost-proof spigot to ensure accuracy.
Sump is a pit that is constructed naturally, and mostly below the surface of the basement floor. These sump pumps help in moving the water from the basement and then finally out of the home. The pit is referred to as basin, and this is the place where the sump pump is kept. The pumps feature valves that can sense any sort of excess water and start doing their work by automatically pumping the excess water out of the basement area. This is done through a discharge line called effluent, that further connects to a designated area. The water is drained away from your home or property to a pond, dry well or any neighborhood drain.
Where Should The Extra Water Be Drained By A Sump Pump?
The drain point should always be away from your home, to prevent any water mess. As already told in the article, the water is drained to a designated area by the pump, to a pond, creek, drywell or any drain in the neighborhood. Ideally, a pump should be placed 10 to 20 feet away from your home foundation. Sometimes the local governments also determine an area, so one can check with them as well.
Types Of Sump Pump Switches:
A switch system can be used to make a sump pump work. The switches may operate or work in a different manner, although the underlying result is same. Let’s read about a few:
Pressure Switch: When the water level rises, these pressure switches sense the water pressure and automatically puts the pump in action.
Float Switch: As the name says, this is kind of a float that remains on the water surface. Along with the rise in the water level the float switch starts.
Diaphragm Switch: This switch works on the principle of a diaphragm. As the water rises, this works like a flipping concave and goes back when the water lowers. This one is used commonly as doesn’t get stuck up.
Electronic Switch: This one specifically operates bot by floating but by sensing the water rise and in turn switches on automatically.
Accessories Of A Sump Pump:
Some additional things add value to a sump pump, such as a water alarm makes you alert in case of a sump pump failure. A discharge hose helps in extending the drainage point, preferably far away from home.
Sump Pump Cost: A submersible sump pump costs range between 100 dollars to 400 dollars, also depending on the flow rate and horse power. The sump pumps used for commercial purposes might cost somewhere around 500 to 1000 dollars. Let’s consider a few factors:
The Type: The material, size, horsepower, additional features, switch with specifications, any battery backup etc. All these help in deciding the cost of a sump pump.
The Material Of Basement: It also depends on the basement’s floor construction. The tougher the base, the harder it is to install a sum pump, thereby raising labor costs.
Drainage: The water has to be moved out of the house with a line extension. If the local authorities specify a drainage point, then extra charges have to be incurred to fulfil that.
Permits: Your location decides the cost of permit. This should be clear before hand only, so that you have clarity about the expenses.
Professional Help: When the installation has to be done, it is advisable to hire a licensed professional in order to avoid any malfunctioning. Never do it yourself if you are unaware about installing.
Is It necessary To Install A Sump Pump?
The answer to this is absolutely yes. There are many regions where water flooding, heavy rains tend to happen regularly. If the sump pumps are not used then it may be a matter of great concern and prove disastrous for your home and also health. You can land up having dampness, moisture, leading to respiratory troubles, infections, allergies and other complications. Always go for a good sump pump for your and your home’s safety.
Sump Pumps Fail, But Why?
Sump pump is also a machinery, so it can fail. The reasons might be technical, relating to installation, lifespan errors etc. As discussed above, if you don’t know the job then always prefer to hire a professional for installation or repair. The life range of these sump pumps is between 7 to 10 years, the machinery might break down in lack of proper maintenance also. Sometimes, the continuous use of the pump may lead to burn outs or switches might get stuck. Always get a pump of good quality, get it installed correctly, and enjoy its benefits for a clean and hygienic basement.