Last updated on May 12th, 2022 | By:
Sump Pumps are of varying types with different uses, operatablty and functions, thus selecting the best sump-pump can be a daunting task for laymen. Predominantly they can be classified in submersible, pedestal, battery back-up, and water-powered sump pumps.
Each of the types has its own utility based on specific requirements, and hence it needs to be different for every user on the basis of their operation and function and power requirements. A wrong choice can potentially lead to a lot of mess in your basement.
Still Confused!!!! Don’t worry, as we are all covered in our all-inclusive guide that is designed to walk you through every step in the most convenient manner to help you make decision making for choosing the best sump pump for basement.
Wayne Is The Best Alternative of Barracuda
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Submersible Utility Pump - Quick Overview
Best Sump Pump Systems For Basements
1. Submersible Sump Pumps
As the name suggests they have to be immersed in water. For operation, they are installed properly in a waterproof basin beneath the basement floor. These automatic devices come with many advantages in your home or commercial use, here are some of the advantages shared by a real user.
These boast of high horsepower capabilities and work well for emptying a sump pump pit quickly after a storm. In any season these can be used to keep the basement area dry and safe by home owners or the commercial users. Work quietly and efficiently where a lot of flooding takes place and save a lot of your space.
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WAYNE CDU980E 3/4 HP
The Wayne submersible cast iron is one of the most reliable portable sump pump, as this one is a powerful pump with a flow rate that can move up-to 4600 gallons per hour (gph). It filters debris and minimizes clogging. A sturdy device, that is made of stainless steel and a submersible pump of cast iron.
The Wayne is a ¾ hp pump and is designed for an 11-inch diameter or a pump basin of larger size. It features a vertical float switch, with a float guard that protects from hang ups. This one is also equipped with a polycarbonate impeller.
This one is assembled in America and has foreign and domestic parts. This is designed for11-inch diameter, with large sump pits and is suited best for indoor needs only.
This has a great discharge lift with corrosion resistant quality. Stainless steel fasteners, and uniquely designed suction pump helps is filtering waste, dust, dirt or debris. This one comes with an easy application, handling a 5-year warranty.
➽ High Capacity Pumps: These pumps are powerful and high capacity units, that helps in keeping the basement and any crawl space dry. The battery backup if is combined with a submersible pump, then they give the protection in the best possible way.
➽ Longer Lasting Pumps: As these pumps have a cast iron around them, that helps in dispersing the heat naturally in water. These pumps are self-cooling pumps, that can last long and are reliable for household use.
➽ Submersible pump is a good option to buy, but is a little costly than the other available alternatives.
2. Pedestal Sump Pumps
These pedestal sump pump are designed to sit above the basement floor and not in the sump pit. A submerged hose in the pit is used for pumping water outside the basin.
These are suitable for the pits that are narrow or shallow. These are built to last and a reliable method to remove the troublesome water from the basement. Lets see a full working video of this device.
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Superior Pump 92333 1/3 HP
This heavy duty sump pump is built with quality, and has a long-life span. This is built to stay long and is equipped with components of high quality, solid copper motor windings, spilt capacitors (electronically controlled), drive shafts (heavy duty) and power cords of 10 ft.
The Superior pump 92333 is a pedestal heavy-duty sump pump of thermoplastic. It helps in moving the water to 3000 gallons per hour. A steel drive shaft that is rust-resistant and also features a metal switch arm for durability and strength.
This sump pump is 1/3 HP & facilitates water lifting up to 20’, also has a 1 ¼ inch NPT discharge which leads to high capacity pumping.
All the components of this pump are quality tested (100%), is CSA certified and is backed up with a warranty of 1 year. This one is manufactured with an innovative technology, and is a robust one to go for.
➽ Capacity Is Higher: The Pedestal sump pumps come with a higher capacity, that is suitable for easy handling and keeping up the higher water volumes.
➽ Malfunctioning May Happen: The pedestal pumps are of a little low-end quality and might burn early. The jamming of the sump pump side switch might take place, which might force it to stay on or off.
➽ A Bit Noisy Operation: As the motor of the pedestal pump is not inside the water, a bit noisy operation happens while using it.
3. Battery Operated Back-Up
In the times of power failure, the battery back up sump pump works well. Adequate security is provided by these pumps, against perils that may happen due to damage caused by floods.
They are equipped with a float switch that automatically triggers whenever there is rise of water in the basin. The battery automatically comes in action. These can be used confidently in the areas that are prone to floods and power cuts or failures.
Pro Tip: You can also add battery backups for existing sump pump if you don’t want to buy whole system.
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Wayne WSS30VN 1/2 HP - Quitest Sump Pump
The Wayne WSS30VN is one of the quietest sump pumps and having cast iron construction. The pump comes with epoxy coated steel and has no plastic! This one is pre-assembled in America with domestic and foreign components.
This one comes with a ½ hp primary pump, and can move up to 1500 GHP (0 feet of head). This one is true to its performance. This one is manufactured to last long and provides a complete protection to your basement, even when the power is out.
This one gives hours of pumping, without making much noise. The dimensions of the battery box are 9” H x 13” W x 7” L. This Wayne battery back system features a pump float switch, and is time tested and works efficiently much more than its other competitive partners. It is advised to check the valve, as it not a part of the packaging. A durable one, which is powerful too.
➽ Easy Installation: The battery back-up system can be installed with ease, by establishing a connection with an existing discharge pipe.
➽ Works When Power Is Out: These battery-operated pumps can work while the power is out, and this feature makes these pumps stand out.
➽ It might happen that the battery may run down before the power comes
➽ The water level of batteries has to be checked every few months
➽ The battery terminals need cleaning and the battery needs to be replaced every 5 years.
4. Water Powered Sump Pump
These don’t use power or electricity and work on the water supply instead. No monitoring required as their system works to remove the unwanted water with the increased water pressure.A quick look at accessories that comes along with this package.
Since these types of sump pumps works exclusively on water supply any kind of battery replacement isn’t required. They are installed above the sump pump pit and their working is controlled by high-water pressure. In times of emergencies like power failures and the battery pumps also getting over with their charge the water driven sump pumps can be used by homeowners or pro.
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Basepump RB750 is a powerful, reliable, and durable one. It comes with a high-water alarm and is mounted on the ceiling that is above the sump, and it keeps it clean and dry. It can pump water from the sump with the help of a domestic water supply. This one is a hydraulic float and is a system that lasts for long.
This one is best suited with Radon covers, can be relied upon while using in your home. This one comes with no worries, as wearing out of any sort doesn’t happen as has no battery and no charger is required for any sort of plug in.
This one is equipped with a high-water alarm which is battery powered. You can test by filling up a bucket of 5 gallons of water, without the hose to ensure the water flow. While testing there should be no water softeners, filter or frost-proof spigot to ensure accuracy.
➽ No Electricity Required: This water-powered sump pumps require a water supply and no electricity to operate. The local water supply is used to help the water discharge.
➽ Long Life: These pumps have a longer life as are durable and come with easy maintenance.
➽ Pumping Capacity: The water-powered sump pump is low on capacity, and heavy rains might lead to trouble.
➽ High Water Pressure Required: Water power supply of high pressure is required, as less water may fail the operating efficiency.
Types of Sump Pumps
This is simple to understand that sump pumps make a part of your basement for keeping it dry by preventing flooding. these are positioned in the specially constructed areas referred to as sump pits.
Let us look at the types of sump pumps available:
1. Primary Sump Pumps
These help in draining water from the sump pits thereby preventing any sort of damage to homes or commercial spaces.
The primary sump pumps are of 2 types:
They remain completely inside the water and are electric-operated (pump, body, and motor). Since they are inside the sump pit, they prevent the pump to get over-heated so that it runs longer.
These are less susceptible to water damage as are mounted on the top of a long-tube above the sump pit. these are best suited for sump pits that are small in size are incapable of accommodating a submersible sump pump.
2. Backup Pumps
Additional protection is offered by a backup pump when your primary pump stops operating. In case of a primary pump failure these start and operate automatically. These have a battery back-up or are water powered.
3. Combination Pumps
These are a perfect combo of a primary pump plus a battery-operated backup pump in one set-up. there is a power failure or any mal-functioning of the primary pump, the backup pump automatically activates.
4. Pumps for Sewage and Septic Systems
These do not get the basement rid of the water, rather work to move solid waste into a sewage system or septic tank.
Sewage ejector pumps- These are mounted in the basins in septic systems for collecting debris or waste up to the main sewer line.
Sewage grinder pumps- Solid waste is grinded into smaller particles for pumping inside the sewage system.
These pumps help to lift the treated water out of the septic tanks by using a high-head in combination with high pressure.
Choosing The Right Sump Pump - Factors To Consider
Caution: The below mentioned points have to be sequential in your quest for picking up the right sump pump with high ratings. Let us plunge in the details below:
First and the foremost, you are advised to have your task requirements ascertained, like if you are going to use it in a sump pit, sump basin or a basement area? This is no brainer as larger areas will require a powerful sump pump than the smaller basements or sump pits.
There are quite a few types of sump pumps in the market (as explained below) and their function differently based on the task to be undertaken. Areas prone to regular flooding, water restoration jobs, sewage ejection, or excess water ejections are some of the purposes that require a sewage pump (sump pump) commonly. So understanding your requirements remains the foremost factor in deciding what type of sump pump you need.
Technical Points To Consider
You need to choose a sump pump depending on the distance of the sump pump from the outlet. At some places a vertical piping may be more suitable than a horizontal one.
For example, an averaged sized home can go for a sump pump with 1/3 HP (horse power) as this will manage vertical lifts (7’-10’) with ease. If the area is 3 ft. to 25 ft., then it requires a horizontal pipe sizing. You need to check the distance for best pipe sizing before you buy.
This is another feature that needs your strict attention for the pump, and needless to mention for regular pump use purposes you can use a pump powered by electricity.
You can choose a submersible pump or any other type of pump as per your requirement. There may be top areas that are prone to flooding and resultantly power outages may also occur. So, for these terrains a battery backup sump pump is the best selection.
For prevention of flooding, a water-powered sump pump mechanism can be good alternative which can easily divert the excess water using the simple technique of water pressure but this system requires it to be installed in underground wiring of your water supply without using any power supply.
Best sump pumps are most commonly designed for treating water but there are some models that can deal with solid matter too, especially the ones that are used in the sump pits under your toilets. Submersible sump pumps can manage solid particles along with water flow rate.
This is the best investment that you won’t be doing on a regular basis so the frequency of top usage of the pump will help you decide right. If you are a homeowner then an average sized pump machine will suffice, and on the other hand for commercial purposes you need to select a pump with a higher HP (horse power) and more GPH (gallons per hour).
1/3 vs 1/2 HP Sump Pump
A DIAGRAM CAB BE ADDED HERE FROM THE GIVEN LINK
Understanding the pump curve is potentially important along with the recommended usage. Ensure to check the manufacturer specifications beforehand. if you are going for replacement of your previous sump pump then using the same horse power should be on the cards. you can go through the data plate or the manual for knowing about the horsepower instructions.
1/3 HP Sump Pumps
If you have an average-sized home and location with average water tables then a sump pump of 1/3 HP is sufficient.
They have the ability to handle 7’ – 10’ vertical lifts from the sump pit, provided there is a 90-degree elbow with a horizontal pipe run ranging between 3 ft. to 25 ft.
1/2 HP Sump Pumps
If the water table is above average and you reside in a home which is average in size then you will be needing a ½ HP sump pump.
These tend to pump 35% to 40% more than their competitors like the 1/3 HP.
You also get higher vertical lifts as the 1/2 HP will let more water pump through the drainage pipe.
We can understand it with an example here: If you have slightly higher lifts say 10 to 15 ft. or a longer horizontal run: 30-150 ft. then a loss of water flow can be witnessed.
This is because of the increased friction from the long runs. For these condition types you will require a higher pumping capacity for overcoming this loss.
Pedestal Sump Pump VS Submersible Sump Pump
Let us take a sneak peek at both the sump pumps individually to know better:
Pedestal Sump Pump
This sump pump type comprises of two pieces:
- A standalone motor positioned above the basement floor
- A hose that sustains inside the sump pit.
If the sump pit is shallow or narrow this is the most ideal one.
➽ Longevity: The motor of pedestal sump pumps are not at the threat of water damage as these do not remain submerged in water for a constant time-period.
➽ Easy Access: Due to easy accessibility above the basement floor the pedestal sump pumps can be repaired conveniently. These are an inexpensive option as compared to the other one.
➽ Less Power: If there are large amounts of water that could be a result of a huge storm, then this sump pump type is not of much use. Even in case of heavy rainfall this type may not able to prevent flooding properly.
➽ Takes Up Space: As they are partially in the sump pit they occupy space and could be a hazard due to being partially above the basement floor.
Submersible Sump Pump
These are more commonly used in comparison to the pedestal sump pumps as they are established while the homes are being built.
As the name suggests these remain submerged underwater below the basement floor in your sump pit.
They are contained in a water proof container, both the pump and the motor. For stopping the flow of debris a screen or grate is present on the pump’s underside.
➽ Saves Space: A submersible pump occupies very less space as remains under the floor. This does not get in the way of anything in your basement. Even you won’t face any issues with the pump noise while this is performing its work.
➽ More Power: More horsepower is offered by the submersible sump pumps thereby letting the motor pump out the water faster. Those houses which are low-lying are benefitted with this type of sump pump where the sump pit could get flooded with a significant amount of rain water.
➽ Battery Backup: This feature of having a backup battery, leaves them quite handy in times of any power outage during heavy storms or flooding. It becomes convenient to drain excess water even if the power is out.
➽ Cost: This appears a better deal than the pedestal one but it is a more expensive. In case of the smallest damages, the repairs will be quite expensive.
➽ Not Easily Accessible: Unlike the pedestal pump this is not accessible easily and you may need break the cement floor in case of major damages that will involve a lot of money and time.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. How Long Should A Sump Pump Last?
Ans: Your sump pump, like other products and accessories in your house, will eventually wear out. With a lifespan of around ten years, you may not realize your sump pump has failed until it breaks down.
Q. How Do I Choose A Good Sump Pump?
Ans: 1. When your sump basin has room, a submersible pump is preferable over a pedestal pump.
2. Purchase a pump with a cast iron core rather than a plastic one.
3. The pump must have a no-screen intake architecture and an impeller that can manage solids up to ½ inches in diameter to reduce the likelihood of clogging.
Q. Does Landlord Insurance Cover Sump Pump Failure?
Ans: In most circumstances, water harm produced by sump pump malfunction is not covered by a conventional householders insurance policy. The property harm covered by water backups and sump pump overflow/failure endorsement is not the same as the maintenance of the appliance or a sump pump that failed.
Q. How Often Should A Sump Pump Be Cleaned?
Ans: Cleaning your sump pump on a daily basis helps ensure that it is always ready to go when you require it. The majority of sump pump models must be cleaned once a year, but consult your owner’s handbook for further information.
Q. Can I Replace A Sump Pump Myself?
Ans: You need your sump pump to keep rainwater out of your underground or crawl area if your property has one. If your sump pump fails and you require it to change it, it’s a do-it-yourself project.
If you reside in an area where heavy rains or storms occur frequently then opting for a submersible sump pump is wise. You will get more horsepower with the battery back-up feature.
But if you are in search of an affordable option that is easily accessible too for repairs then a pedestal sump pump is the perfect one to own.
If the conditions are same then out of both these, 1/2 horsepower sump pump will pump more water and lift it even higher than a 1/3 horsepower pump. There are no major problems caused by the 1/2 HP pump but with slow water flow into the sump, you won’t get much benefit out of a larger pump.