A sump pump eradicates drainage water from sump basin located in your basement or crawl space. The water may enter through the perimeter of the drainpipe, failure of waterproofing methods channelizing into the sink or due to rain or natural flooding. If the basement is under the water table, installing the pump normally takes around 30 minutes and can be done with common household tools but the main difficulty is to make the selection of the best sump pump as there are several options available in the market like the type of sump pump whether it is Pedestal, Submersible or Sump/Effluent Sump Pump. One needs to consider the current size and quality sump pump, the horsepower, diameter of your sump basin and diameter of the discharge pipe.
Sump pumps are available in different styles and sizes. To find the correct sump pump, start by analyzing your needs, measure the size and depth to ascertain an accurate fit. Features that are crucial to consider when shopping around for a submersible sump pump are:
Performance: Existing user should select the pump with the same Horse Power which matches the model they currently have. If you need a pump that runs less, you should choose a model that offers more power. Pump with higher horse power is more effective as they flush out more gallons of water within lesser time.
Float Switch Type: A tethered switch floats up to an angle as water goes into the basin to trigger the pump. Tethered Switch Pumps need a sump basin size with the minimum 14” diameter.
Vertical Switch Pumps can be utilized in the basins as minute as 10” in diameter. A vertical switch shifts straight up as water gets into the basin to start the pump.
Durability: The function of the sump pump is to eradicate water from the basin, basement, etc. for which the pump remains in frequent contact with water which may result into decayed pump, corrosion, etc. To ensure that the pump lasts for a longer duration and you should select a sump pump made with the superior materials and supported by a strong warranty.
Head Pressure: The head pressure of a sump pump illustrates the uppermost height that the pump will move water. A sump pump with a 15 feet (4.6 m) shutoff (maximum) will lift water up 15 feet (4.6 m) before it totally loses flow.
Corrosion Resistant – You should be cautious while purchasing sump pump and should only buy the pump which is made of non-corroding materials such as alloy, cast bronze, stainless steel or epoxy-coated cast iron which are durable and reliable.
Extra Protective Devices: Such as alarms and battery powered back up sump pumps can be purchased to offer you with peace of mind and added assurance against water damage in case of system failure.
Leak Detector With A Water Alarm: It’s very difficult and nearly impossible for take too many precautions when it is about protecting your home from water. A water alarm is a tool which detects water leaks that can cause permanent damage. It identifies water on a surface with its two metal contacts. The device runs on a model 9v battery and can be put in any location where there is a risk of water seepage.
Automatic vs. Manual Operation: A manual sump pump indicates that you will turn the pump on and off when suitable. An automatic sump pump indicates that a switch is cabled to the sump pump to turn it on or off at suitable water levels. Automatic switches include pressure switch, low level pressure switch, float switch, and a firm state water sensor called field-effect.
Battery Backup Systems: In order to protect your home from massive flood damage you should definitely consider buying a sump pump. But it is equally important that you add an emergency battery back up to the sump pump systems.
A backup system ensures extra peace of mind, preventing your home against power fluctuation or outage, failure of the sump pump and heavy rains that can over flood your sump pump system.
Though it totally depends upon your discreet choice whether you choose submersible or pedestal sump pump, but the submersible sump pump has several features which make it a better choice. It comes with a watertight motor completely sealed and submerged in oil which makes it fully functional under water. It is located at the base of a sump basin and fit below water level. Although, it is little costlier than the pedestal pump, it has considerable benefits:
- Quieter than the pedestal
- Less maintenance required
- Submerged in water
- Can easily handle larger quantities of water
- Less dangerous to children as it’s submerged in water